Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is defined as the science in which the principles of the analysis of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behaviors. ABA is a scientific problem-solving approach aimed at improving an individual's ability to learn, function, participate, and enjoy the social world around them. Behavior Analysis is synonymous with Behavioral Psychology, Operant Learning, and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.
Autism Speaks Early Intervention PSA: http://youtu.be/0idZghw97dc
ABA Services at NWBHS
Complete Service Analysis and Assessment
Individualized Clinical Programming
Parent Accessible Online Portal for Program Progress
One-on-One Therapy SessionsSmall Group SessionsParent and Family TrainingSchool Support and ConsultationsSocial Skills TrainingLife Skills TrainingBehavior Feeding TherapyHome, Clinic, Community, and School Based Programming
Meet Our ABA Team
Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA)
Kerri Doherty, M.S., BCBA
Kerri is the head of our department and lead BCBA. She has been with NWBHS for over 2 years. She graduated with her bachelors from Saint Mary's College-Notre Dame with a major in Communication Disorders and Psychology. While at Saint Mary's College she was the President of Autism Speaks-U. Following Saint Mary's she attended The Chicago School of Professional Psychology and received a Masters of Science in Applied Behavior Analysis. Kerri's passion for helping others started at an early age and she has been working with individuals with disabilities for over 10 years now. When Kerri's not working she loves to hang out with friends and family, travel, and get lost in a book. She's a die hard Notre Dame football fan and all around sports lover.
Tori Nickols, B.S. Recreational Therapy
Tori is a recent graduate of the University of Iowa, where she majored in Recreational Therapy. Tori was a Nursing Assistant in college at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics working in the Burn Trauma, Neurosurgery, Cardiovascular, and Intensive Care units. While working at the hospital Tori gained experience in the adolescent and adult psychiatric units, focusing on behaviors relating to suicide, detox, and depression. Tori has experience working with children with various disabilities, including Autism, Bipolar Disorder, Down Syndrome, and Cerebral Palsy. As a Special Olympics coach Tori taught aquatics, track and field, and basketball. Tori was a member of the Hawkeye Marching Band all 4 years of college, and was section leader of the Clarinets. Tori grew up in the Chicago suburbs and loves the Chicago Blackhawks. Tori's pride and joy are the Iowa Hawkeyes! GO HAWKS!
Melissa Burke, B.A. Applied Behavioral Science
Melissa Burke has worked in the field of Autism for over 13 years. Melissa graduated from the University of Kansas with a B.A. in Applied Behavioral Science, with a specialty in Early Childhood Intervention for Children with Autism. Melissa has experience working in multiple settings as a behavioral therapist for a wide range of disabilities. Melissa goes beyond what is asked to insure that her kiddos are thriving to the best of their ability. When Melissa is not working, you can find her cheering for the Chicago Cubs and the Kansas Jayhawks with her husband and daughter.
Melissa Papania, B.A.S. Special Education
Melissa has worked with children with Autism for over eight years. She is a graduate of Eureka College where she earned her Bachelor's of Applied Science in Special Education. Melissa is credentialed as an RBT with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Melissa enjoys working with children of all ages, and loves being a part of each child's milestone and skill development. Melissa was raised in the Chicagoland area, but moved here from Ohio when she was a small child. Melissa enjoys everything Chicago has to offer, and enjoys exploring the city with her family and friends.
Emma Schurder, B.A. Psychology, B.S. Business
Emma is a graduate of North Park University where she graduated magna cum laude with bachelors in both Psychology and Business & Economics. Emma has experience working with a variety of diverse populations. Emma is a Registered Behavior Technician with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. In addition she is currently pursuing her Masters in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. While in college Emma was awarded membership to the Psi Chi International Honors Society of Psychology and acted as a research assistant to the department of psychology. In her spare time Emma enjoys exercise, nutrition, and volunteers with a local animal shelter. Emma is passionate about helping others!
Still Have Questions?
Contact Kerri Doherty, M.S., BCBA
Commonly Used Terms
ABA- Applied Behavior Analysis. The attempt to solve behavior problems by providing antecedent and/or consequences that change behavior. Applied behavior analysis is a scientific problem-solving approach aimed at producing socially significant behavior chance and improving the question of life for individual, families and communities.
ABLLS- is an educational tool used frequently with Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) to measure the basic linguistic and functional skills of an individual with developmental delays or disabilities.
ADHD- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Analytic-ABA must be analytic, which means that the behavior analyst can control the behavior that is being changed by changing the control behavior. In the lab, this has been easy as the researcher can start and stop the behavior at will.
Applied-ABA focuses on areas that are of social significance. In doing this, behavior scientists must take into consideration more than just the short-term behavior change, but also look at how behavior changes can affect the consumer, those who are close to the consumer, and how any change will affect the interactions between the two.
Aspergers- An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development.
Autism Spectrum Disorder- Characterized by delays or abnormal functioning before the age of three years in one or more of the following domains: (1) social interaction; (2) communication; and (3) restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Social impairments are marked by poor use of nonverbal communication, difficulty in peer relations, lack of social-emotional reciprocity, and lack of shared enjoyment. Communication deficits may include failure to develop speech, use of stereotyped or delayed echolalia and difficulties maintaining conversations. Social and communication impairments may also cause a lack of symbolic or imaginative play. Restricted and repetitive behaviors may include unusual preoccupations with narrow interests, inflexibility to nonfunctional routines, stereotyped and repetitive mannerisms, and preoccupations with parts of objects
Behavior- An observable and measurable act an organism does, including covert (unseen) actions (like thinking etc). Behavior is not limited to challenging behaviors, rather behavior applies to all observable and measurable acts emitted by a living organism.
Behavioral- Behavior itself must change, not just what the others says about the behavior. It is not the goal of the behavior scientists to get their consumers to stop complaining about behavior problems, but rather to change the problem behavior itself. In addition, behavior must be objectively measured.
Behavior Management- Behavior management include all of the actions to enhance the probability people, individually and in groups, choose behaviors which are personally fulfilling, productive, and socially acceptable.
Chaining-It involves reinforcing the individual responses occurring in a sequence to form a complex behavior. It is frequently used for training behavioral sequences (or "chains") that are beyond the current repertoire of the learner. It can include: forward chaining, backward chaining, total task chaining.
Consequences- Environmental events that occur after a behavior, these may be planned or unplanned that may have an impact on maintaining a particular behavior of concern.
Down Syndrome- A chromosomal condition caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is typically associated with a delay in cognitive ability (men or MR) and physical growth and a particular set of facial characteristics
Echolalia- The automatic repetitions of speech made by another person.
Establishing Operation- An antecedent event or change in the environment that alters the momentarily value of a reinforcing item.
Executive Functioning- An umbrella term for cognitive processes such as planning, working memory, attention, problem solving, verbal reasoning, inhibition, mental flexibility, multi-tasking, and initiation and monitoring of actions
Extinction- Withholding of reinforcement
Functional Behavior Assessment- This assessment will identify and operationally define the target behaviors, identify situations in which the behavior will and will not occur, identify the functions the behaviors serve/the reasons the behaviors occur, develop consequences
IEP- Individual Education Plan. IEP meetings are annual meetings to discuss a students specific goals and benchmarks which offer a means of measuring the degree and rate of progress a student makes.
Incidental Teaching- Instruction that occurs in the context of the natural environment
Intraverbal- A type of verbal behavior and involve much of our day-to-day language, such as emitting words, phrases, and sentences that are in response to the words, phrases, and sentences of others. Intraverbals allow children to answer questions and are an essential part of conversations and social interactions.
Mand- Verbal operants that typically result in the speaker obtaining the item that was spoken. Mands can be thought of as "commands" or "demands", in that a person is commanding or demanding for something. Mands are most often spoken during a time of deprivation (someone is thirsty so they request something to drink) and/or avoiding an aversive situation (asking someone to stop making a certain sound). In addition, mands state what a person does or does not want (motivating operations).
Operant Conditioning- The modification of behavior by using a consequence that is received immediately following a specific behavior. A behavior is either reinforced (increased) or punished (decreased). This can be done in a structured setting but also occurs naturally and unintentionally in everyday events.
PDD- Pervasive Developmental Disorder. This disorder is used when there are severe and pervasive developmental concerns of recipricol social interaction or verbal and nonverbal communication skills.
PECS-A form of augmentative and alternative communication. It is typically used as an aid in communication for children with autism and other developmental concerns. The system has been used with a variety of ages including preschoolers, adolescents and adults who have a wide array of communication, cognitive and physical difficulties.
Positive Reinforcement- The presentation of a stimulus that increases the future likelihood that a behavior will occur.
Positive Reinforcer- A stimulus which is presented following a behavior which increases the likelihood that the behavior will occur in the future.
Punishment- The term punishment in the field of ABA means to "reduce behavior".
Receptive Language-Receptive language is the ability to listen and understand communication
Selective Mutism- Selective Mutism is an individual’s persistent failure to speak in specific social situations; this mutism is selective because these children otherwise speak freely and normally.
Self-Stimulation Behavior- Stereotypy or self-stimulatory behavior refers to repetitive body movements or repetitive movement of objects. This behavior is common in many individuals with developmental disabilities; however, it appears to be more common in autism.
Sensory Processing Disorder- A neurological disorder causing difficulties with taking in,processing and responding to sensory information about the environment and from within the own body.
Shaping- Reinforcing successive approximations to a terminal behavior until the terminal behavior is exhibited.
Stimulus- Any thing or event that can affect behavior. A stimulus exists even if nobody responds to it.
Tact- A term used to describe a verbal operant in which a certain response is evoked (or at least strengthened) by a particular object or event, or property of an object or event.
TAG Teaching- TAG stands for teaching with Accoustical Guidance. In TAG teaching, a target behavior exhibited correctly is indicated by a click of a clicker.
Verbal Behavior- Analyzes human behavior encompassing what is called language, linguistics or speech. Verbal behavior is simply behavior subject to the same controlling variables as any other operant behavior. Verbal behavior which is mediated by other people, and that which is mediated by the natural world.
Unconditioned Reinforcer- Reinforcement that is inherent. You do not have to have experience with in your past for it to be reinforcing. (ex. food, clothing, shelter etc)